Radiological and histological features of breast leiomyosarcoma can mimic a wide variety of other breast lesions, such as mesenchymal tumors, breast lymphomas, poorly differentiated carcinomas and metaplastic breast carcinomas. The authors present the case of a 62-year-old woman with a primary breast leiomyosarcoma with synchronous ipsilateral lung adenocarcinoma. The latter was an incidental finding during pre-surgical staging examinations. Clinicopathological, immunophenotypic and imaging features cancer are described. A brief review of the literature on imaging findings and management of breast leiomyosarcoma is presented. The authors discuss the differential diagnoses in breast imaging and of the extra-mammary incidental findings. Surgical resection remains the cornerstone of treatment, while radiation therapy and chemotherapy remain to be defined on a single-patient basis.
- Breast leiomyosarcoma
- Lung cancer
- Synchronous tumors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine