The diagnostic and therapeutic approach by means of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization is analyzed in 100 patients affected with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC): in all patients the HCC had been diagnosed by means of US-guided fine-needle biopsy: 75 of 100 patients were in Child A class, 24 in Child B and 1 in Child C class. The most sensitive imaging technique to identify HCC proved to be angiography (95%); post-Lipiodol CT was also of great value to stage the disease. The authors suggest a diagnostic-therapeutic approach including angiography and simultaneous chemoembolization right after US-guided biopsy, avoiding conventional CT; such a protocol allows high diagnostic accuracy at a lower cost. Chemoembolization proved to be a safe technique, with a low incidence of mortality and complications; the latter were easy to treat by medical therapy. The follow-up data relative to 39 of 100 patients who underwent 2 or more chemoembolization treatments prove the latter to be a valuable technique relative to both the evolution of HCC nodules (in 18/21 patients with single lesions and in 9/18 patients with multiple lesions, lesion size was unchanged or decreased) and to survival rates (70% in 65 patients followed-up 1 year at least); on the whole, 77 of 100 patients are still alive.
|Translated title of the contribution||Primary hepatocarcinoma. Diagnostic imaging and chemoembolization|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging