Primary human cytomegalovirus infections: Kinetics of ELISA-IgG and neutralizing antibody in pauci/asymptomatic pregnant women vs symptomatic non-pregnant subjects

Chiara Fornara, Milena Furione, Daniele Lilleri, Ilaria Cane, M. Grazia Revello, Maurizio Zavattoni, Giuseppe Gerna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Human cytomegalovirus infections are mostly asymptomatic in infants and young children, while they are often associated with overt clinical symptoms in adults. Objectives: To verify whether the antibody response to HCMV is more potent in symptomatic non-pregnant adults as compared to asymptomatic/paucisymptomatic pregnant women. Study design: Overall, 36 consecutive pregnant women with primary HCMV infection were compared with 10 consecutive symptomatic non-pregnant subjects with primary HCMV infection and overt clinical symptoms. Levels of IgG antibody responses to HCMV-infected cell lysate and the pentamer gH/gL/pUL128L, gH/gL and gB HCMV glycoprotein complexes as well as neutralizing antibodies preventing infection of epithelial cells (ARPE-19) and human embryonic lung fibroblast (HELF) cells were compared at intervals of 1-30, 31-60, 61-90, 91-180 and 181-360 days after onset of infection. In parallel, viral load was quantified by real-time PCR. Results: In symptomatic non-pregnant subjects, the IgG responses to HCMV lysate as well as to gH/gL and ARPE-19 neutralizing antibodies were significantly higher from 31 to 60 through 180 days after infection onset. In the same patients, the IgG antibody responses to the pentamer and HELF-neutralizing antibody were significantly higher starting 90 days post-infection. Conclusions: The presence of overt clinical symptoms is associated with a significantly higher antibody response (concomitantly with a higher viral load) in non-pregnant subjects with symptomatic primary HCMV infection as compared to pregnant women with paucisymptomatic/ asymptomatic primary infection (and lower viral load).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume64
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • ELISA-IgG antibodies
  • HCMV glycoprotein complexes
  • HCMV load
  • Neutralizing antibodies
  • Symptomatic/asymptomatic HCMV infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Medicine(all)

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