Primary pulmonary B-cell lymphoma: A review and update

Francesca Sanguedolce, Magda Zanelli, Maurizio Zizzo, Alessandra Bisagni, Alessandra Soriano, Giorgia Cocco, Andrea Palicelli, Giacomo Santandrea, Cecilia Caprera, Matteo Corsi, Giulia Cerrone, Raffaele Sciaccotta, Giovanni Martino, Linda Ricci, Francesco Sollitto, Domenico Loizzi, Stefano Ascani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Primary pulmonary B-cell lymphomas (PP-BCLs) comprise a group of extranodal non- Hodgkin lymphomas of B-cell origin, which primarily affect the lung without evidence of extrapulmonary disease at the time of diagnosis and up to 3 months afterwards. Primary lymphoid proliferations of the lung are most often of B-cell lineage, and include three major entities with different clinical, morphological, and molecular features: primary pulmonary marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (PP-MZL, or MALT lymphoma), primary pulmonary diffuse large B cell lymphoma (PP-DLBCL), and lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG). Less common entities include primary effusion B-cell lymphoma (PEL) and intravascular large B cell lymphoma (IVLBCL). A proper workup requires a multidisciplinary approach, including radiologists, pneumologists, thoracic surgeons, pathologists, hemato-oncologists, and radiation oncologists, in order to achieve a correct diagnosis and risk assessment. Aim of this review is to analyze and outline the clinical and pathological features of the most frequent PP-BCLs, and to critically analyze the major issues in their diagnosis and management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number415
Pages (from-to)1-32
Number of pages32
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2021

Keywords

  • BALT
  • Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
  • Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma
  • Lymphomatoid granulomatosis
  • MALT lymphoma
  • Primary effusion lymphoma
  • Pulmonary B-cell lymphoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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