Primary re-excision (PRE) is a wide, non-mutilating procedure carried out in patients with soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) when microscopic residuals are left after initial excision or when there are insufficient data on its completeness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of PRE in patients enrolled in two consecutive Italian studies between January 1988 and September 1999. Of 126 patients with grade IIa tumors, 53 underwent PRE (23 rhabdomyosarcomas [RMS] and 30 non-RMS STS [NRSTS]). The primary sites were the extremities in 20, paratesticular 15, trunk 9, head-neck-non-parameningeal (HNnPM) 6, bladder 1, other sites in 2; the tumor (T) status was T1a in 30, T1b in 10, T2a in 9, and T2b in 4; the median interval between primary surgery and PRE was 36 days. Of the 53 patients, 45 had complete histologic excision of the tumor (residuals were found in 21/45 specimens) and subsequently received chemotherapy (CT) alone: 39/45 are in their first complete remission (CR) with a median follow-up of 53 months; 6/45 (3 RMS, 3 NRSTS) relapsed, 4 locally (2 extremities, 2 trunk), and 1 of these died of progressive disease, and 2 with metastatic spread died of their disease. In 8/53 cases (HNnPM 4, extremities 2, bladder 1, trunk 1) PRE did not achieve complete removal of the residuals (3 T1a, 2 T1b, 2 T2a, 1 T2b); these patients were treated with CT and/or radiotherapy (RT); 1 also underwent further surgery. PRE was able to achieve or confirm complete excision in 45/53 patients, and 39 maintained the first CR without RT. The histologic types and the presence of residuals at PRE did not predict the failures; PRE was effective especially in extremity, trunk, and paratesticular sites, whereas its role was uncertain in large sarcomas over 5 cm in size.
- Pediatric soft-tissue sarcomas
- Primary re-excision
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health