Primary tracheobronchial tumors in children

Patricio Varela, Luca Pio, Michele Torre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Primary tracheobronchial tumors are rare lesions that can be benign or malignant, with different location along the airway tree. Symptoms may include wheezing, chronic pneumonia, asthma, chest pain, recurrent cough, atelectasis, haemoptysis, and weight loss. Due to the heterogeneity of symptoms, diagnosis can be difficult and the airway involvement can lead progressively to a bronchial or tracheal obstruction. Due to the rarity of primary tracheobronchial tumors in children, there are not any oncological guidelines on pre-operative work-up, treatment, and follow-up. Only few reports and multicentric studies are reported. In most cases, surgical resection seems to be the treatment of choice. Brachytherapy, endoscopic treatment, and chemotherapy are rarely described. In this article we present an overview on these rare tumors, including pathological aspects, clinical presentation, imaging assessment, and endoscopic or open surgical treatments. We discuss different surgical approaches, according with tumor location.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016

Keywords

  • Airway tumors
  • Bronchial carcinoid
  • Pediatric oncology
  • Pediatric surgical oncology
  • Primary tracheobronchial tumors
  • Tracheal tumors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

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