Primary tumour resection may improve survival in functional well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours metastatic to the liver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Functional well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (NET) with liver metastases represent a therapeutic challenge with few alternative options in guidelines. In these patients, the role of surgical resection of the primary tumour is controversial. Patients and methods From a regional registry collecting somatostatin analogue (SSA)-treated tumours from 1979 to 2005, a series of 139 patients presenting with symptomatic, liver-metastatic, well-differentiated NET (G1–G2, mitoses: ≤20, Ki-67: ≤20%) was prospectively collected and retrospectively analysed. Surgery on either the primary tumour or liver metastases was chosen: 1) when low perioperative risk was predictable; 2) in presence of an impending risk of obstruction, bleeding, or perforation; or 3) if liver metastases were suitable of curative or subtotal (>90%) tumour removal. Impact of the most relevant clinico-pathological parameters on survival was studied. Results Median follow-up was 127 months and median survival was 94 months, with 138 vs. 37 months in resected vs. non-resected primary NET (p < 0.001), respectively. In the univariate analysis, prolonged survival was significantly associated with primary tumour resection (p < 0.001), resection of liver metastases (p = 0.002), site of primary (carcinoid vs. pancreatic, p = 0.018), basal chromogranin-A (CgA) <200 ng/mL (p = 0.001), and absence of diarrhea (p = 0.012). Multivariate analysis showed that primary tumour resection was an independent positive prognostic factor (HR = 3.17; 95% CI: 1.77–5.69, p < 0.001), whereas diarrhea, basal CgA ≥200 ng/mL, and high tumour load were independent negative prognostic factors. Also, in 103 patients with non-resectable liver metastases, primary tumour resection was significantly associated with prolonged survival (median 137 vs. 32 months, p < 0.0001). Conclusions Primary tumour resection may improve survival in functional well-differentiated NET with liver metastases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-387
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • Carcinoid tumour
  • Liver metastases
  • Neuroendocrine tumours
  • Prognosis
  • Somatostatin analogues
  • Surgical treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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