Probiotics to counteract biofilm-associated infections: Promising and conflicting data

Claudia Vuotto, Francesca Longo, Gianfranco Donelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Altered bowel flora is currently thought to play a role in a variety of disease conditions, and the use of Bifidobacterium spp. and Lactobacillus spp. as probiotics has been demonstrated to be health-promoting, even if the success of their administration depends on the applied bacterial strain(s) and the targeted disease. In the last few decades, specific probiotics have been shown to be effective in the treatment or the prevention of acute viral gastroenteritis, pediatric post-antibiotic-associated diarrhea, some pediatric allergic disorders, necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants, inflammatory bowel diseases and postsurgical pouchitis. The potential application of probiotics is continuously widening, with new evidence accumulating to support their effect on the prevention and treatment of other disease conditions, including several oral diseases, such as dental caries, periodontal diseases and oral malodor, as well as genitourinary and wound infections. Considering the increasingly widespread ability of pathogens to generate persistent biofilm-related infections, an even more attractive proposal is to administer probiotics to prevent or counteract biofilm development. The response of biofilm-based oral, intestinal, vaginal and wound infections to probiotics treatment will be reviewed here in light of the most recent results obtained in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-194
Number of pages6
JournalInternational journal of oral science
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 11 2014

Keywords

  • biofilm
  • genitourinary tract
  • gut
  • infections
  • oral cavity
  • probiotics
  • wounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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