Production of bacteriolytic enzymes as a tool for characterizing enterococci

F. Berlutti, M. C. Thaller, G. M. Rossolini, F. Pantanella, S. Schippa, R. Pezzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bacteriolytic enzymes secreted by log-phase cultures of enterococci (Enterococcus faecalis, Ent. faecium, Ent. durans, Ent. hirae, Ent. casseliflavus, Ent. avium, Ent. mundtii) were analysed by means of a zymogram technique to resolve activities according to the size of their polypeptide component and their specificities towards different substrates. Heterogeneous patterns of lytic activity were observed with different species. For each test substrate, homogeneous patterns of lytic activities were observed with strains of the same species, except for Ent. faecalis strains, which showed heterogeneous lytic patterns even towards the same substrate, and could be divided into at least four different groups according to their lytic pattern. No lytic activity was common to all strains tested. Results of zymogram analysis of Enterococcus bacteriolytic enzymes were consistent with current knowledge on enterococcal taxonomy, indicating that this analytical approach may be a useful tool for fine-tuned characterization of different enterococcal strains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-452
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Bacteriology
Volume80
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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