Prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma in anti-HCV positive cirrhotic patients: A single-centre comparison amongst four different staging systems

E. Giannini, D. Risso, F. Botta, P. Romagnoli, F. Malfatti, A. Fumagalli, E. Testa, E. Podestà, B. Chiarbonello, S. Polegato, R. Testa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Epidemiological studies have foreseen an increase in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the near future and it is estimated that this trend will mostly affect hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive cirrhotic patients. Therefore, accuracy of HCC staging is an important clinical issue. Aim. To investigate the prognostic usefulness of a series of newly proposed HCC prognostic systems such as the Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP) score, the Groupe d'Etude et de Traitement du Carcinome Hépatocellulaire (GRETCH) model and the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging classification when compared with the usefulness of a known staging system such as the Okuda staging system in a group of anti-HCV positive cirrhotic patients with HCC seen at a single centre. Methods. Okuda stage, CLIP score, GRETCH model and BCLC stages were retrospectively computed in 81 anti-HCV positive cirrhotic patients with HCC. We evaluated and compared the ability of these methods to assess survival prognosis. Results. As of December 2001, 51 patients had died and overall median survival was 18 months. All the staging systems were able to identify various patient subgroups with different survival. The CLIP score, the GRETCH model and the BCLC staging classification were better at characterizing the 1-year prognosis of the patients when compared with the Okuda staging system, whilst the 3-year prognostic evaluation was improved only by using the CLIP score or the BCLC staging classification. Conclusions. The prognostic value and usefulness of the CLIP score, the GRETCH model and the BCLC staging classification was reproduced in a single-centre analysis of anti-HCV positive HCC cirrhotic patients. These scores provided a prognostic assessment of our patients which is superior to what was obtained by the Okuda staging system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-408
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Internal Medicine
Volume255
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

Keywords

  • BCLC staging system
  • CLIP score
  • GRETCH model
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Hepatocelluar carcinoma
  • Okuda staging system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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