Prognosis of multiple sclerosis: Clinical factors predicting the late evolution for an early treatment decision

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Abstract

With the development of new immunomodulating therapies, with which early use is strongly encouraged, it is crucial to be in possession of reliable clinical predictors of multiple sclerosis evolution. Prognostic factors are important to patients wanting to be informed about their prospects; to the clinician needing to individualize patients requiring immune treatments at an early stage of the disease; and also to the researcher needing to to improve the design and analysis of the clinical therapeutic trials and observational studies. Frequentist analyses have indicated a poor prognosis for male gender, late age at onset, motor, cerebellar and sphincter involvement at onset, progressive course at onset, short inter-attack interval, high number of early attacks; and a relevant early residual disability. A recent application of a Bayesian analysis led to the construction of more detailed models of the natural history of multiple sclerosis and the estimated risk of unfavorable evolution at an individual patient level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-364
Number of pages8
JournalExpert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2006

Keywords

  • β-interferon
  • Bayesian analysis
  • Clinical factors
  • Glatiramer acetate
  • Immunomodulating therapies
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Natural history
  • Poor outcome
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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