Prognostic analysis of clinicopathologic factors in 49 patients with diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma treated with cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion

Marcello Deraco, Daisuke Nonaka, Dario Baratti, Paolo Casali, Juan Rosai, Rami Younan, Andreola Salvatore, Antonello D. Cabras, Shigeki Kusamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM) is a subset of peritoneal mesothelioma with a poor clinical outcome. We performed a prognostic analysis in a cohort of DMPM patients treated homogeneously by cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP). Methods: Forty-nine DMPM patients who underwent 52 consecutive procedures were enrolled onto the study. Cytoreductive surgery was performed according to the peritonectomy technique, and the IPHP was performed with cisplatin plus doxorubicin or cisplatin plus mitomycin C. We assessed the correlation of the clinicopathologic variables (previous surgical score, age, sex, performance status, previous systemic chemotherapy, carcinomatosis extension, completeness of cytoreduction, IPHP drug schedule, mitotic count [MC], nuclear grade, and biological markers [epidermal growth factor receptor, p16, matrix metalloproteinase 2 and matrix metalloproteinase 9]) with overall and progression-free survival. Results: The mean age was 52 years (range, 22-74 years). The mean follow-up was 20.3 months (range, 1-89 months). Regarding the biological markers, the rates of immunoreactivity of epidermal growth factor receptor, p 16, matrix metalloproteinase 2, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 were 94%, 60%, 100%, and 85%, respectively. The strongest factors influencing overall survival were completeness of cytoreduction and MC, whereas those for progression-free survival were performance status and MC. No biological markers were shown to be of prognostic value. Conclusions: Completeness of cytoreduction, performance status, and MC seem to be the best determinants of outcome. These data warrant confirmation by a further prospective formal trial. No biological markers presented a significant correlation with the outcome. The overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor, matrix metalloproteinase 2, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 and absent or reduced expression of p16 might be related to the underlining tumor kinetics of DMPM and warrant further investigation with other methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-237
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Biological markers
  • Locoregional therapy
  • Peritoneal mesothelioma
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

Cite this