Purpose: This study was undertaken to evaluate the association of individual parameters and outcome in patients with unresectable locally advanced head and neck cancer treated with radiochemotherapy. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from 126 patients treated in our Institution between 1998 and 2010 for a locally advanced head and neck cancer. Sixteen individual parameters were evaluated for association with specific outcomes such as overall survival, persistence of disease, disease-specific survival and disease-free survival. Results: Six factors influenced overall survival on Kaplan–Meier survival analysis and on univariate Cox regression analysis: smoking, body mass index, site, haemoglobin (Hb) nadir, total dose of radiotherapy and comorbidities. On a multivariate logistic model with stepwise selection, comorbidities, body mass index, total dose and site maintained significance. A significant association for persistence of disease was found with smoking, Hb nadir and site of cancer on univariate and multivariate analysis. Disease-free survival was correlated with performance status, Hb nadir and comorbidities using Kaplan–Meier survival analysis and on univariate Cox regression analysis. Only performance status maintained the significance on multivariate analysis. Disease-specific survival was correlated with five parameters: body mass index, site, Hb nadir, therapy interruption and total dose; on multivariate analysis, Hb nadir, therapy interruption and site maintained a statistically significant association. Conclusions: Hb nadir during treatment, body mass index, smoking, stage, comorbidities and performance status are prognostic factors of outcome and response to radical treatment with radiochemotherapy.
- Head and neck
- Prognostic factors
- Radiation therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging