Prognostic Factors of Adjuvant Taxane, Cisplatin, and 5-Fluorouracil Chemotherapy for Patients With Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma After Regional Lymphadenectomy

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Abstract

Background: Little is known about the outcomes and prognostic factors of adjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced penile squamous cell carcinoma after regional lymphadenectomy (LAD). Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data from 21 patients who had received taxane, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (TPF, every 3 weeks) in the adjuvant setting at our center. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses were undertaken for disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of TPF. Results: The patients had received TPF from July 2004 to July 2012 after inguinal (n = 6) or inguinal plus pelvic LAD (n = 15), and the median follow-up was 52 months. Thirteen (61.9%) had pelvic and 5 (23.8%) bilateral inguinal nodal metastases. The median time from LAD to the start of TPF was 5.4 weeks (interquartile range [IQR], 4.1-7.3 weeks). Metastatic tumor tissue from 11 of 19 evaluable patients (57.9%) showed positive immunohistochemistry staining for p53. Univariably, only the expression of p53 showed a trend toward poorer DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 4.14; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.87-19.68; P = .074) and OS (HR, 4.54; 95% CI, 0.95-21.56; P = .056). The same results were obtained multivariably for DFS (HR, 3.76; 95% CI, 0.78-17.96; P = .096) and OS (HR, 4.29; 95% CI, 0.89-20.57; P = .067). The median DFS was 8.9 months (IQR, 5.9-22.7 months) for p53-expressing patients versus not estimable for non-p53-expressing patients (P = .051) and the median OS was 17.2 months (IQR, 12.8-22.7 months) and not estimable, respectively (P = .037). Conclusion: In patients who had received adjuvant TPF for node-positive penile squamous cell carcinoma, p53 IHC expression seemed to be associated with a poorer outcome, and further study is warranted in larger data sets to confirm these findings. This information might be useful to improve the prognostic allocation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Genitourinary Cancer
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 7 2016

Keywords

  • Adjuvant chemotherapy
  • Locally advanced disease
  • Penile cancer
  • Prognostic factors
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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