Prognostic factors of early fatal outcome and long-term survival in patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

A. Antinori, G. Maiuro, F. Pallavicini, F. Valente, G. Ventura, G. Marasca, R. Murri, E. Pizzigallo, G. Camilli, E. Tamburrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fifty-five episodes of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in AIDS patients were evaluated to assess clinical and laboratory risk factors predicting the probability of surviving the acute episode of PCP and the long-term survival after PCP. Age > 45 yrs, PaO2 <50 mmHg, AaPO2 > 50 mmHg, and LDH > 800 IU/L correlated strongly with early mortality; patients who needed mechanical ventilation had a significantly lower PaO2 and serum albumin, and higher AaPO2 and LDH compared to the patients who did not. Neither age nor PaO2, AaPO2, LDH, albumin, days from onset, time for recovery, CD4+ cell count correlated with long-term survival of AIDS patients with PCP. Informations obtained at initial presentation of PCP may predict early outcome and influence therapeutic approach, improving chances for survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Epidemiology
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1993

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • HIV infection
  • Pneumocystis carinii
  • Prognostic factors
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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    Antinori, A., Maiuro, G., Pallavicini, F., Valente, F., Ventura, G., Marasca, G., Murri, R., Pizzigallo, E., Camilli, G., & Tamburrini, E. (1993). Prognostic factors of early fatal outcome and long-term survival in patients with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. European Journal of Epidemiology, 9(2), 183-189. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00158789