PURPOSE: To retrospectively analyse a single-centre consecutive surgical series of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and negative MRI. To identify factors associated with postoperative seizure outcome among several presurgical, surgical and postsurgical variables.
METHODS: Clinical records of 866 patients who received temporal lobe resections and with a minimum follow-up of 12 months were retrospectively searched for MRI-negative cases. Anamnestic, clinical, neurophysiological, surgical, histopathological and postsurgical data were collected. Seizure outcome was categorised as favourable (Engel's class I) and unfavourable (Engel's classes II-IV). Uni- and multivariate statistical analysis was performed to identify variables having a significant association with seizure outcome.
RESULTS: Forty-eight patients matched the inclusion criteria. 26 (54.1%) patients required invasive EEG evaluation with Stereo-electro-encephalography (SEEG) before surgery. Histological evaluation was unremarkable in 34 cases (70.8%), revealed focal cortical dysplasias in 13 cases and hippocampal sclerosis in 2. 28 (58.3%) patients were in Engel's class I after a mean follow-up of 82 months (SD ± 74; range 12-252). Multivariate analysis indicated auditory aura, contralateral diffusion of the discharge at Video-EEG monitoring and use of 18F-FDG PET as variables independently associated with seizure outcome.
CONCLUSION: Carefully selected patients with MRI-negative TLE can be good candidates for surgery. Surgery should be considered with caution in patients with clinical features of neocortical seizure onset and contralateral propagation of the discharge. Use of 18F-FDG PET may be helpful to improve SEEG and surgical strategies. The presented data help in optimising the selection of patients with MRI-negative TLE with good chances to benefit from surgery.
- Cohort Studies
- Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/diagnostic imaging
- Follow-Up Studies
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging/trends
- Postoperative Care/trends
- Retrospective Studies
- Seizures/diagnostic imaging
- Treatment Outcome
- Young Adult