Prognostic factors of visual field improvement after trans-sphenoidal approach for pituitary macroadenomas: Review of the literature and analysis by quantitative method

Lina Raffaella Barzaghi, Marzia Medone, Marco Losa, Stefania Bianchi, Massimo Giovanelli, Pietro Mortini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of the study was to evaluate the preoperative visual field defect, the postoperative outcome and the possible prognostic factors in patients with pituitary macroadenoma, using a quantitative method (the mean deviation=MD), and to review the literature. A total of 73 patients, operated trough trans-sphenoidal approach, were selected, and data in single eyes were analysed by calculating the frequency and the degree of postoperative improvement (relative improvement). The visual field defect improved in 95.7% of eyes: The recovery was complete in 48.9% and partial in 46.8%. Multivariate logistic regression showed that factors, independently predictive for complete recovery, were as follows: low preoperative MD absolute value (p=0.008), low craniocaudal diameter of tumour (p=0.02) and young age (p= 0.0001). The mean relative improvement in visual field defect (dMD%) was correlated with the preoperative visual acuity (p=0.0001) and inversely related with the preoperative MD (p=0.007) and the age (p=0.017). The relative improvement was higher in tumours with a smaller craniocaudal diameter (p=0.0185). In conclusion, using a quantitative method, we can measure the degree of the postoperative visual field defect improvement. Predictive factors for a complete recovery were good preoperative visual function, young age and low cranio-caudal tumour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-378
Number of pages10
JournalNeurosurgical Review
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

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Keywords

  • Pituitary adenomas
  • Visual field outcome
  • Visual improvement after trans-sphenoidal surgery
  • Visual outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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