Objectives: The ABO blood group antigens were found on most epithelial cells and in secretions. In the normal endometrium there is a variable expression of histo-blood group and related antigens suggesting a hormonal regulation. A relationship between ABO blood groups and endometrial cancer has been investigated with contradictory results. In this study we investigated the influence of blood types on clinical and pathological characteristics of endometrial cancer patients.Method:Retrospective cohort study. Clinical and pathological data were extrapolated and their association with blood groups were assessed.Results:A total of 203 type I endometrial cancer patients were included in the final analysis. Univariate analysis indicated that a lower frequency of G3 undifferentiated tumors was observed in patients with A blood group (P=0.027). Multivariate analysis, including also clinical features such as Age, BMI, parity, hypertension and diabetes confirmed that patients with A group present a lower risk of G3 tumors in comparison with not A patients. (OR=0.32, P=0.011).Conclusions:Patients with A genotype have a lower risk to develop G3 type I endometrial cancer. ABO blood group might represent a useful, easy access and cheap biomarker for patients' selection and for management personalization of endometrial cancer patients.
- Journal Article