Prognostic impact of comorbidities in hospitalized patients with acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure

D. Scrutinio, A. Passantino, P. Guida, E. Ammirati, F. Oliva, S.S. Braga, M.T. La Rovere, R. Lagioia, M. Frigerio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background To assess the impact of comorbidities on long-term all-cause mortality in patients hospitalized with exacerbated signs/symptoms of previously chronic stable HF (AE-CHF). Methods 1119 patients admitted for AE-CHF and with NT-proBNP levels > 900 pg/mL were enrolled. Univariable and multivariable Cox analyses were performed to assess the association of age, gender, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, atrial fibrillation, coronary heart disease (CHD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, previous cerebrovascular accidents, chronic liver disease (CLD), thyroid disease, renal impairment (RI), and anemia with 3-year all-cause mortality. Results During the follow-up, 441 patients died and 126 underwent heart transplantation (HT) or ventricular assist device (VAD) implantation. 45.8% of the fatal events and 52.4% of HT/VAD implantations occurred within 180 days after admission. Increasing age (p = .012), obesity (p = .037), atrial fibrillation (p = .030), CHD (p = .015), CLD (p = .001), RI (p 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-67
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Internal Medicine
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Acute decompensated heart failure
  • Comorbidity
  • Mortality

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