Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) accurately detects viable myocardium and residual ischemia in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The prognostic interaction of viability and ischemia has not been completely clarified in these patients. This study assesses the long-term effect of viability, ischemia, or their combination on survival in patients with AMI and mildly impaired left ventricular (LV) function. Four hundred eleven patients (age 57 ± 9 years) underwent predischarge DSE (up to 40 μg/kg/min plus atropine if needed) after uncomplicated AMI and were prospectively followed for 23 months (range 1 to 78). According to DSE findings, patients were divided into 4 groups: viability only, ischemia only, combination of viability and ischemia, and scar. Adverse outcome occurred in 64 patients: 34 patients had hard events (9 cardiac deaths, 25 nonfatal AMI) and 30 patients had unstable angina requiring hospitalization. The combination of viability and ischemia, diabetes mellitus, and non-Q-wave AMI were significant predictors of all events at univariate and multivariate analysis. The same variables were also univariate predictors of hard events, but multivariate analysis indicated only the combination of viability and ischemia and diabetes as independent predictors. The event-free survival of patients with combined viability and ischemia was significantly lower (hazard ratio 3 [95% confidence interval 1.8 to 11]) compared with patients with ischemia only. Thus, viability and ischemia show a significant adverse prognostic interaction in patients with AMI and preserved LV function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine