Prognostic Model for Resected Squamous Cell Lung Cancer: External Multicenter Validation and Propensity Score Analysis exploring the Impact of Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Treatment

Sara Pilotto, Isabella Sperduti, Giovanni Leuzzi, Marco Chiappetta, Felice Mucilli, Giovanni Battista Ratto, Filippo Lococo, Pier Lugigi Filosso, Lorenzo Spaggiari, Silvia Novello, Michele Milella, Antonio Santo, Aldo Scarpa, Maurizio Infante, Giampaolo Tortora, Francesco Facciolo, Emilio Bria

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Introduction: We developed one of the first clinicopathological prognostic nomograms for resected squamous cell lung cancer (SQLC). Herein, we validate the model in a larger multicenter cohort and we explore the impact of adjuvant and neoadjuvant treatment (ANT). Methods: Patients with resected SQLC from January 2002 to December 2012 in six institutions were eligible. Each patient was assigned a prognostic score based on the clinicopathological factors included in the model (age, T descriptor according to seventh edition of the TNM classification, lymph node status, and grading). Kaplan-Meier analysis for disease-free survival, cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival was performed according to a three-class risk model. Harrell's C-statistics were adopted for model validation. The effect of ANT was adjusted with propensity score. Results: Data on 1375 patients were gathered (median age, 68 years; male sex, 86.8%; T descriptor 1 or 2 versus 3 or 4, 71.7% versus 24.9%; nodes negative versus positive, 53.4% versus 46.6%; and grading of 1 or 2 versus 3, 35.0% versus 41.1%). Data for survival analysis were available for 1097 patients. With a median follow-up of 55 months, patients at low risk had a significantly longer disease-free survival than did patients at intermediate risk (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.67, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.40-2.01) and patients at high risk (HR = 2.46, 95% CI: 1.90-3.19); they also had a significantly longer CSS (HR = 2.46, 95% CI: 1.80-3.36 versus HR = 4.30, 95% CI: 2.92-6.33) and overall survival (HR = 1.79, 95% CI: 1.48-2.17 versus HR = 2.33, 95% CI: 1.76-3.07). A trend in favor of ANT was observed for intermediate-risk/high-risk patients, particularly for CSS (p = 0.06 [5-year CSS 72.7% versus 60.8%]). Conclusions: A model based on a combination of easily available clinicopathological factors effectively stratifies patients with resected SQLC into three risk classes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018



  • Adjuvant/neoadjuvant treatment
  • Clinicopathological factors
  • Nomogram
  • Prognosis
  • Squamous lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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