Aims: We created a new index (Multi Inflammatory Index, MII) composed of an inflammatory index [neutrophil-to lymphocyte-ratio (NLR): MII-1; platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR): MII-2; or systemic immune-inflammation index (SII): MII-3] and C-reactive protein (CRP). Our aim was to evaluate the prognostic and/or predictive capacity of the MII in the randomized ITACa (Italian Trial in Advanced Colorectal Cancer) study on patients with metastatic colorectal cancer undergoing first-line chemotherapy. Methods: Between November 2007 and March 2012, baseline NLR, PLR; SII and CRP were available for 131 patients, 66 receiving chemotherapy plus bevacizumab and 65 receiving chemotherapy alone. Results: Patients with low (<25) MII-1 levels had a better outcome than those with high (⩾25) levels: median progression-free survival (PFS) was 12.4 versus 8.9 months [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.74, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21–2.51, p = 0.003] and median overall survival (OS) was 30.9 months versus 15.0 months (HR = 2.05, 95% CI 1.40–3.02, p = 0.0002), respectively. Similar results were obtained for patients with low (<1424) MII-2 levels compared with those with high (⩾1424) levels: median PFS was 12.6 versus 8.9 months (HR = 1.95, 95% CI 1.35–2.82, p = 0.0004) and median OS was 32.4 versus 14.6 months, respectively (HR = 2.42, 95% CI 1.64–3.57, p < 0.0001). Patients with low (<6068) MII-3 levels had a longer median PFS and OS than those with high (⩾6068) levels: 12.6 versus 8.9 months (HR = 1.91, 95% CI 1.33–2.76, p = 0.005) and 30.9 versus15.0 months (HR = 2.10, 95% CI 1.43–3.09, p = 0.0002), respectively. Following adjustment for clinical covariates, multivariate analysis confirmed all MII indexes as independent prognostic factors for predicting PFS and OS. Conclusion: All MII indexes appear to be useful as prognostic markers. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01878422 (registration date: 07/06/2013) https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01878422.
- metastatic colorectal cancer
- neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio
ASJC Scopus subject areas