Prognostic significance of interleukin-6 measurement in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in emergency department

Patrizia Ferroni, Antonello Rosa, Manuela Di Franco, Raffaele Palmirotta, Fiorella Guadagni, Giovanni Davì, Giuliano Bertazzoni, Stefania Basili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Markers of inflammation may predict both coronary artery disease (CAD) and adverse outcomes in patients with known CAD. Here, we investigated the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the "triage" and risk assessment of patients admitted to emergency department (ED). Methods: Serum IL-6 and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were prospectively evaluated in 88 patients with a history of precordial chest pain or shortness of breath of recent onset (<6 h). Results: Of the 88 patients, 21% were discharged from the ED with diagnosis of non-ischemic chest pain (NICP), 39% had a final diagnosis of unstable angina (UA) and 40% experienced an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Median IL-6 (p <0.001) and hs-CRP (p <0.01) levels on admission were significantly increased in patients with AMI compared with patients with NICP or UA. IL-6 levels correlated with hs-CRP (p <0.01). Multivariate analyses including known risk factors showed that elevated creatine kinase-MB (p <0.05) and IL-6 levels (p <0.01) were independently associated with a final diagnosis of AMI. Elevated IL-6 levels significantly predicted the risk of AMI (OR = 2.47, p = 0.006) in chest pain-enzyme negative patients. Conclusions: IL-6 may behave as an adjunctive diagnostic tool to assist in the risk assessment of enzyme-negative patients with precordial chest pain of recent onset.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-156
Number of pages6
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume381
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • Interleukin-6
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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