Aim. To assess whether there is a correlation between the onset of postoperative sepsis and the 5-years survival rate in patients undergoing surgery for rectal cancer. Experimental design.: A retrospective study of all patients, undergoing rectal cancer surgery during the period January 1981-December 1987. Place. General Surgery Unit; Hospital Arnau de Vilanova. Patients. All patients operated with Duke's stage B and C colorectal neoplasms, excluding cases with postoperative complications not directly correlated to surgery: pneumonia, thromboblebitis, urinary infection or fever of unknown origin. Findings. Postsurgical complications distinguished as minor (wall abscess) or major (anastomotic dehiscence, peritoneal abscess). 5-year survival rate. Results. The actuarial 5-year survival rate of patients with major septic complications was significantly lower (p <0.05) than that in noncomplicated cases. No difference was observed in the survival of patients with and without minor septic complications. Conclusion. Major septic complications secondary to colorectal surgery are still a threat in spite of improved techniques and antibiotic prophylaxis, and negatively influence the long-term survival rate.
|Translated title of the contribution||Prognostic significance of postoperative septic complications in rectal cancer surgery|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas