Prognostic value of dipyridamole stress echocardiography in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, chest pain and resting electrocardiographic repolarization abnormalities

S. Mondillo, E. Agricola, T. Ammaturo, F. Guerrini, R. Barbati, M. Focardi, A. Picchi, P. Ballo, R. Nami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD); therefore, evaluating the presence of CAD is a primary clinical goal. However, the noninvasive tests that are commonly used have poor diagnostic specificity, particularly in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy. Objectives: To assess the prognostic value of dipyridamole stress echocardiography (DET) for ischemic events in a subset of patients with hypertension with left ventricular hypertrophy, chest pain and resting electrocardiographic repolarization abnormalities. Patients and methods: Eighty-two patients (48 men and 34 women; average age 65±7.2 years with left ventricular hypertrophy documented echocardiographically (left ventricular mass index greater than 50 g/h 2.7), and resting ST segment shift of 0.1 mV or more from baseline at 80 ms after J point in at least two contiguous leads, were submitted to DET according to high-dosage protocol and coadministered with atrophine. Results: The follow-up period was 25.11±8.3 months. The stress test produced positive results in 30 patients (36.5%); 16 (53%) and three (5%) cardiac events occurred in positive and negative stress test groups, respectively. At multivariate analysis, only positive DET response (P=0.000002), left ventricular mass index (P=0.028) and a family history of CAD (P=0.037) were independent predictors. The two-year event-free survival rates were 95% and 47% (log-rank 21.093, P=0.00001) for negative and positive stress test results, respectively. Conclusions: DET is a useful tool in the prognostic assessment of coronary events in this particular subgroup of patients with hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-577
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Cardiology
Volume17
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Coronary disease
  • Echocardiography
  • Hypertension
  • Hypertrophy
  • Left ventricle
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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