The prognostic value of hemostatic parameters after orthotopic liver transplantation was evaluated in 37 consecutive patients. Six simple hemostatic parameters (prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time, thrombin coagulase time, plasma fibrinogen and platelet count) were obtained for each patient pre-transplantation and daily post-transplantation for at least 8 days. Using the results of these tests, the degree of hemostatic impairment was arbitrarily scored from 0 to 6. Starting from the first day post-transplantation, hemostatic parameters improved progressively, reaching plateau values on day 7 post-transplantation. On day 8 there were significant differences in the activated partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time, and in the overall hemostatic scores between patients who survived at least 6 months and those who died. Comparing these hemostasis parameters with such liver function tests as AST, ALT and serum bilirubin, univariate analysis showed that activated partial thromboplastin time, coagulation score and AST were significant predictors of 6-month survival, but by multivariate analysis (Cox proportional hazard rate model) only the activated partial thromboplastin time was an independent predictor. Hence, a simple coagulation test is useful for predicting the survival of patients undergoing liver transplantation.
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