Prognostic value of pharmacologic stress echocardiography in patients with left bundle branch block

Lauro Cortigiani, Eugenio Picano, Carlo Vigna, Fabio Lattanzi, Claudio Coletta, Egidio Mariotti, Riccardo Bigi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Although coronary artery disease is a frequent cause of left bundle branch block, the prognostic value of myocardial ischemia in patients with this conduction abnormality has not been defined. We investigated the value of pharmacologic stress echocardiography in risk stratification of patients with left bundle branch block. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred eighty-seven patients [230 men and 157 women, mean (± SD) age, 64 ± 9 years] with complete left bundle branch block on the resting electrocardiogram underwent dobutamine (n = 217) or dipyridamole (n = 170) stress echocardiography to evaluate suspected or known coronary artery disease. A summary wall motion score (on a one to four scale) was calculated. The primary end points were cardiac death and nonfatal myocardial infarction. RESULTS: A positive echocardiographic result (evidence of ischemia) was detected in 109 (28%) patients. During a mean follow-up of 29 ± 26 months, there were 21 cardiac deaths and 20 myocardial infarctions, 63 patients underwent coronary revascularization, and 1 patient received a heart transplant. In a multivariate analysis, four clinical and echocardiographic variables were associated with increased risk of cardiac death: resting wall motion score index [hazard ratio (HR) = 7.5 per unit; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.8 to 20; P = 0.001], previous myocardial infarction (HR = 2.9; 95% CI, 1.1 to 7.3; P = 0.02), diabetes (HR = 2.7; 95% CI, 1.1 to 6.6; P = 0.03), and the change in wall motion score index from rest to peak stress (HR = 3.0 per unit; 95% CI, 1.0 to 8.6; P = 0.04). The 5-year survival was 77% in the ischemic group and 92% in the nonischemic group (P = 0.02). Four variables were associated with increased risk of cardiac death or infarction: previous myocardial infarction (HR = 3.4; 95% CI, 1.7 to 6.8; P = 0.0005), diabetes (HR = 2.4; 95% CI, 1.2 to 4.6; P = 0.01), resting wall motion score index (HR = 2.2 per unit; 95% CI, 1.1 to 4.1; P = 0.02), and positive echocardiographic result (HR = 2.2; 95% CI, 1.1 to 4.5; P = 0.03). The 5-year infarction-free survival was 60% in the ischemic group and 87% in the nonischemic group (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-369
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume110
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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