Prognostic Value of the Cell Cycle Progression Score in Patients with Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Silvia Sommariva, Rosanna Tarricone, Massimo Lazzeri, Walter Ricciardi, Francesco Montorsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context The process of care for patients with prostate cancer is subject to different degrees of uncertainty. Patients and clinicians could, therefore, greatly benefit from improved prognostic instruments. One emerging tool is the cell cycle progression (CCP) score. Objective This systematic review assesses evidence on the value of the CCP instrument in prostate cancer treatment by reviewing current publications and integrating the results via a meta-analysis. Evidence acquisition We performed a review of Medline and Embase in April 2014, according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA). Unpublished studies were retrieved from the 2013-2014 proceedings of major conferences in the field. Sixteen publications were selected for inclusion. Evidence synthesis The results show that use of the CCP score is better than existing assessments at elucidating the aggressive potential of prostate cancer in an individual. The pooled hazard ratio for biochemical recurrence per 1-unit increase in the CCP score was 1.88 in a univariate model and 1.63 in a multivariate model. Four studies showed that CCP testing can impact the decisions of physicians regarding treatment, and potentially lead to a decrease in surgical interventions for low-risk patients. Conclusions This review offers a comprehensive overview of existing evidence on CCP testing, and provides clinicians, patients, and policy makers with a strong summary measure of its prognostic validity and clinical utility. It will be important to develop economic studies to measure the impact of such technology on health care systems. Patient summary In this paper, we review current evidence related to the cell cycle progression (CCP) score for patients with prostate cancer. We found good evidence suggesting that use of the CCP score improves prognosis, and can be a valuable tool for clinicians in treating patients. The economic benefits are yet to be studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Urology
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Cell cycle progression score
  • Prognostic value
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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