Prolactin as a neuroendocrine clue in sexual function of women across the reproductive life cycle: an expert point of view

Rossella E. Nappi, Sonia Di Ciaccio, Alessandro D. Genazzani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Prolactin is a proteic hormone best known for its role in enabling the production of milk by female mammals. Secreted by the pituitary gland in response to the stimuli of eating, estrogen treatment, mating, ovulation and nursing, prolactin is involved in over 300 separate processes in a range of vertebrates, including humans. The hormone is released in a pulsatile manner and plays an essential role in metabolism, as well as in the regulation of the immune system and pancreatic development. Nevertheless, prolactin exerts other relevant roles, as it acts at the central nervous system level to modulate behavior, arousal and sexuality. In this experts’ opinion, we aim to give insights into the main activities of prolactin to advance the ability of medical doctors and specialists in obstetrics and gynecology to provide more emphasis in their clinical practices to the link between prolactin and sexuality.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • cabergoline
  • dopamine
  • hyperprolactinemia
  • Prolactin
  • sexuality
  • thyroid diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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