Proliferation in HHV-8-positive primary effusion lymphomas is associated with expression of HHV-8 cyclin but independent of p27(kip)1

A. Carbone, A. Gloghini, D. Bontempo, P. Monini, U. Tirelli, R. Volpe, P. J. Browning, G. Gaidano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) develops in immunodeficient patients, selectively localizes to the serous body cavities, and harbors infection by human herpesvirus type-8 (HHV-8), also known as Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. HHV-8 encodes a viral (v)-cyclin homologous to cellular D-type cyclins, a class of positive cell-cycle regulators that are physiologically modulated by the p27(Kip)1 cell cycle inhibitor. The aims of the present study were: 1) to establish the expression pattern of p27(Kip)1 in PEL; and 2) to address the relationship between p27(Kip)1 expression, proliferation index, and expression of cellular cyclin D1 and v-cyclin in PEL. Expression of p27(Kip)1 was detected in all (n = 18) PEL samples analyzed by both immunocytochemistry and Western blot. All PELs displayed a high proliferation index as assessed by Ki-67 staining. Expression of cellular cyclin D1 was absent in all PELs tested, which conversely expressed (14 out of 14 samples) v-cyclin by immunocytochemistry and/or Western blot. In contrast to PELs, HHV-8-negative lymphomatous effusions secondary to a tissue-based lymphoma generally failed to express p27(Kip)1. Overall, these data show that PELs consistently express p27(Kip)1 protein despite the high proliferative rate of the lymphoma clone, suggesting that p27(Kip)1 may be unable to drive cell-cycle arrest in PEL cells. The co-existence of p27(Kip)1 expression and high proliferative index is a selective feature of PEL among lymphomas involving the serous body cavities, because lymphomatous effusions secondary to a tissue-based lymphoma generally display the inverse relationship between p27(Kip)1 positivity and growth fraction observed in normal lymphoid tissues and in most other lymphomas. Expression of p27(Kip)1 in PEL associates with expression of HHV-8 v-cyclin, but not of cellular cyclin D1. The fact that HHV-8 v-cyclin is resistant to p27(Kip)1-modulated inhibition, whereas cellular cyclin D1 is sensitive, may explain, at least in part, the co-existence of p27(Kip)1 expression and high proliferative index observed in PEL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1209-1215
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume156
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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