Protein tyrosine kinase activation is an important requisite for leukocyte migration. Herein we demonstrate that NK cell binding to endothelium activates proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk-2) and the small GTP binding protein Rac that are coupled to integrin and chemokine receptors. Chemokine-mediated, but not integrin-mediated, Pyk-2 and Rac activation was sensitive to pretreatment of NK cells with pertussis toxin, a pharmacological inhibitor of G i protein-coupled receptors. Both Pyk-2 and Rac are functionally involved in chemokine-induced NK cell migration through endothelium or ICAM-1 or VCAM-1 adhesive proteins, as shown by the use of recombinant vaccinia viruses encoding dominant negative mutants of Pyk-2 and Rac. Moreover, we found that Pyk-2 is associated with the Rac guanine nucleotide exchange factor Vav, which undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation upon integrin triggering. Finally, we provide direct evidence for the involvement of Pyk-2 in the control of both chemokine- and integrin-mediated Rac activation. Collectively, our results indicate that Pyk-2 acts as a receptor-proximal link between integrin and chemokine receptor signaling, and the Pyk-2/Rac pathway plays a pivotal role in the control of NK cell transendothelial migration.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 15 2003|
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