We investigated the impact of the prolonged exposure of rat hippocampal synaptosomes to CXCL12 (3 nM) on the NMDA-mediated release of [ 3 H]D-aspartate ([ 3 H]D-Asp) or [ 3 H]noradrenaline ([ 3 H]NA). Synaptosomes were stimulated twice with NMDA/CXCL12 and the amount of the NMDA-evoked tritium release (S1 and S2) quantified to calculate the S2/S1 ratio. The S2/S1 ratio for both transmitters was drastically decreased by 3 nM CXCL12 between the two stimuli (CXCL12-treated synaptosomes) in a AMD3100-sensitive manner. The phosphorylation of the GluN1 subunit in Ser 896 was reduced in CXCL12-treated synaptosomes, while the overall amount of GluN1 and GluN2B proteins as well as the GluN2B insertion in synaptosomal plasmamembranes were unchanged. We conclude that the CXCR4/NMDA cross-talk is dynamically regulated by the time of activation of the CXCR4s. Our results unveil a functional cross-talk that might account for the severe impairments of central transmission that develop in pathological conditions characterized by CXCL12 overproduction.
- NMDA receptor
- Phospho-GluN1 (Ser896)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology