Prolonged distal motor latency of median nerve does not improve diagnostic accuracy for CIDP

Emanuele Spina, Pietro Emiliano Doneddu, Giuseppe Liberatore, Dario Cocito, Raffaella Fazio, Chiara Briani, Massimiliano Filosto, Luana Benedetti, Giovanni Antonini, Giuseppe Cosentino, Stefano Jann, Anna Mazzeo, Andrea Cortese, Girolama Alessandra Marfia, Angelo Maurizio Clerici, Gabriele Siciliano, Marinella Carpo, Marco Luigetti, Giuseppe Lauria, Tiziana RossoGuido Cavaletti, Erdita Peci, Stefano Tronci, Marta Ruiz, Stefano Cotti Piccinelli, Angelo Schenone, Luca Leonardi, Luca Gentile, Laura Piccolo, Giorgia Mataluni, Lucio Santoro, Eduardo Nobile-Orazio, Fiore Manganelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Compression of the median nerve at the carpal tunnel can give demyelinating features and result in distal motor latency (DML) prolongation fulfilling the EFNS/PNS demyelinating criteria for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). Accordingly, being carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) common in the general population, the EFNS/PNS guidelines recommend excluding the DML of the median nerve when DML prolongation may be consistent with median neuropathy at the wrist from CTS. The main aims of this study were to verify whether the inclusion of DML of the median nerve (when consistent with CTS) could improve electrophysiological diagnostic accuracy for CIDP and if the median nerve at the carpal tunnel was more prone to demyelination. We analyzed electrophysiological data from 499 patients included consecutively into the Italian CIDP Database. According to the EFNS/PNS criteria, 352 patients had a definite, 10 a probable, and 57 a possible diagnosis of CIDP, while 80 were not fulfilling the diagnostic criteria. The inclusion of DML prolongation of median nerve did not improve significantly the diagnostic accuracy for CIDP; overall diagnostic class changed in 6 out of 499 patients (1.2%) and electrodiagnostic class of CIDP changed from not fulfilling to possible in only 2 patients (2.5% of not-fulfilling patients). In conclusion, we can infer that excluding DML prolongation of median nerve does not increase the risk of missing a diagnosis of CIDP thus corroborating the current EFNS/PNS criteria.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJ. Neurol.
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jun 26 2021

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