In tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), overexpression of numerous genes associated with inflammation has been observed. Among different proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) has been shown to be significantly involved in epileptogenesis and maintenance of seizures. Recent evidence indicates that IL-1β gene expression can be regulated by DNA methylation of its promoter. In the present study, we hypothesized that hypomethylation in the promoter region of the IL-1β gene may underlie its overexpression observed in TSC brain tissue. Bisulfite sequencing was used to study the methylation status of the promoter region of the IL-1β gene in TSC and control samples. We identified hypomethylation in the promoter region of the IL-1β gene in TSC samples. IL-1β is overexpressed in tubers, and gene expression is correlated with promoter hypomethylation at CpG and non-CpG sites. Our results provide the first evidence of epigenetic modulation of the IL-1β signaling in TSC. Thus, strategies that target epigenetic alterations could offer new therapeutic avenues to control the persistent activation of interleukin-1β-mediated inflammatory signaling in TSC brain.
- Cortical tuber
- Epigenetic regulation
- Tuberous sclerosis complex
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience