Prophylaxis therapy in paediatric patients with haemophilia: A survey of clinical management trends in Italy

Giancarlo Castaman, Angiola Rocino, M. Gabriella Mazzucconi, Ezio Zanon, Fabio Gagliano, Angelo C. Molinari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. Although current treatment guidelines recommend prophylaxis in paediatric patients with haemophilia, specific indications for and barriers to the prescription of prophylaxis in the paediatric haemophiliac population have not been established. The aim of this web-based survey of clinicians at Haemophilia Treatment Centres in Italy was to identify factors for and against the initiation of prophylactic coagulation factor replacement therapy in paediatric patients with haemophilia. Materials and methods. A literature search was conducted to identify factors to include in the survey. Seventeen clinicians from Italian Haemophilia Centres were invited to complete the webbased survey and to rank factors in favour of and those that acted as barriers to prophylaxis in terms of "importance" and "influence" on a numerical scale (0=not important to 100=very important). Any factors for which there was a large discrepancy in results from the survey were further "ranked" by clinicians at an interactive question and answer session at a symposium. Results. A total of 13 web surveys were returned; the most highly scored factors favouring prophylaxis were "bleeding frequency", "bleeding severity" and "presence of target joints", and the most highly scored barriers were "parents' acceptance", "venous access" and "compliance to therapy". Other important factors favouring prophylaxis were "severity of coagulation defect" and "orthopaedic score". Discussion. This survey gives helpful clinician-derived information for people treating haemophiliacs in Italy, to help the treatment-providers orient themselves better regarding the prescription of prophylaxis for paediatric patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-638
Number of pages8
JournalBlood Transfusion
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015


  • Clinical management
  • Factor VIII
  • Haemophilia
  • Paediatrics
  • Prophylaxis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Immunology and Allergy


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