The authors report the results of a randomized clinical trial of antibiotic prophylaxis of postoperative infection following breast reconstruction by transposition of rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap (TRAMF). The aim was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a short-term parenteral prophylaxis with Teicoplanin and the end-point of the study was the evaluation of wound contamination assessed by means of microbiologic culture of drainage fluid. From October 1990 to March 1992 38 patients were recruited: 20 patients in the antibiotic prophylaxis arm and 18 patients in the control group. Analysis of drainage fluids showed a higher contamination rate (15/18 = 83%) in the control group as compared to the prophylaxis arm (2/20 = 10%) (p <0.0001). Moreover, 11 patients in the control arm suffered from fever >37.5°C for at least 3 days as compared to 1 patient in the antibiotic prophylaxis group; the postoperative stay was 13.3 ± 4.3 and 9.0 ± 1.6 in the control and antibiotic arm respectively. No antibiotic related side effects were evidenced through the study. These results seem to confirm the value of parenteral short-term antibiotic prophylaxis of postoperativc infection in such kind of 'clean' operative procedure.
|Translated title of the contribution||Prophylaxis with teicoplanin in patients undergoing breast reconstruction with rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
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