Object: Semantic dementia is one of the main clinical variants of frontotemporal dementia and it is characterized by severe loss of conceptual knowledge with relative preservation of other cortical abilities. Methods: We described a case of a patient affected by right temporal variant of frontotemporal lobar degeneration, characterized by prosopagnosia as an unusual disease onset. Results: The neuropsychological evaluation showed a progressive deficit in face recognition and a slow decline in language in the absence of behavioral alterations. Magnetic resonance imaging showed diffuse vascular ischemic lesions, cortical atrophy in bilateral temporal lobes, and a marked bilateral decrease hippocampal volume, mainly involving the right side. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that prosopagnosia could be a predictive marker of atypical semantic dementia onset.
- Frontotemporal lobar degeneration
- Hippocampus atrophy
- Semantic dementia
ASJC Scopus subject areas