Prospective Multicenter Study of the Low-Profile Relay Stent-Graft in Patients with Thoracic Aortic Disease: The Regeneration Study

Vicenç Riambau, Rocco Giudice, Piero Trabattoni, Secundino Llagostera, Gianfranco Fadda, Massimo Lenti, Iván García, Jordi Maeso, Carla Blanco, Fabio Verzini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: To evaluate the early safety and clinical performance of the new low-profile RelayPro Thoracic Stent-Graft System in patients with thoracic aortic disease. Methods: This was an international, prospective, single-arm study in patients diagnosed with thoracic aorta disease (aneurysm, pseudoaneurysm, dissection, penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer, or intramural hematoma) and treated with a RelayPro stent-graft (in bare stent and/or nonbare stent configurations). The primary endpoints were freedom from aneurysm or dissection-related mortality and stent-graft performance. Results: A total of 31 patients were treated with the RelayPro thoracic stent-graft between 2014 and 2015 at 8 sites in Italy and Spain. Mean age was 72.1 (±10.2) years and 77% were male, 74% with hypertension, and 42% with a history of smoking. Twenty-four (77%) had aneurysms (fusiform in 46%, saccular in 42%, pseudoaneurysm in 12%); 5 (16%) had penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer; and 2 (6%) had chronic Type B dissection. Mean vascular access diameter was 9.1 mm (6–13 mm); 7 patients (23%) had vascular access of 7 mm or less. Technical success was 100% (primary, 90%; assisted primary, 10%). Freedom from aneurysm/dissection-related mortality through 30 days was 100%. Freedom from device-related major adverse events through 30 days was 94%. At 1 year, there was 1 (3%) type Ib and 1 (3%) type II endoleak, 1 (3%) nonaneurysm-related late death, and 1 (3%) secondary intervention (to correct type Ib endoleak). Conclusions: The RelayPro has a 3–4 French profile reduction to allow endovascular repair of thoracic aortic disease in patients with smaller anatomies. This study shows good initial stent-graft performance and a favorable early safety profile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-189
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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