Prospective randomized trial of lisuride infusion versus oral levodopa in patients with Parkinson's disease

Fabrizio Stocchi, Stefano Ruggieri, Laura Vacca, C. Warren Olanow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Motor complications are a major source of disability for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. Surgical therapies provide benefit to some, but these treatments are expensive and associated with adverse effects. Current research indicates that motor complications are associated with abnormal, intermittent, pulsatile stimulation of denervated dopamine receptors using short acting dopaminergic agents such as levodopa. Retrospective studies suggest that the use of longer-acting more continuous dopaminergic therapies can improve both motor fluctuations and dyskinesia. We performed a prospective, long-term (4-year) trial comparing patients randomized to receive subcutaneous infusion of the dopamine agonist lisuride versus conventional therapy with oral levodopa and dopamine agonists. We demonstrate that patients receiving lisuride infusions experienced a significant reduction in both motor fluctuations and dyskinesia compared with patients receiving standard dopaminergic therapies. Benefits persisted for the 4-year duration of the study. Mean Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale scores in 'ON' and 'OFF' states did not significantly change between baseline and 4 years for patients in the lisuride group, but deteriorated in patients in the levodopa group. This study indicates that continuous lisuride infusion can be beneficial for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease and reverse established motor fluctuations and dyskinesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2058-2066
Number of pages9
JournalBrain
Volume125
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2002

Keywords

  • Dyskinesia
  • Lisuride
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Prospective trial
  • Randomized trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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