Prospective validation of a lymphocyte infiltration prognostic test in stage III colon cancer patients treated with adjuvant FOLFOX

Jean François Emile, Catherine Julié, Karine Le Malicot, Come Lepage, Josep Tabernero, Enrico Mini, Gunnar Folprecht, Jean Luc Van Laethem, Stéphanie Dimet, Camille Boulagnon-Rombi, Marc Antoine Allard, Frédérique Penault-Llorca, Jaafar Bennouna, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Julien Taieb, Josef Thaler, Richard Greil, Johannes Gaenzer, Wolfgang Eisterer, Joerg TschmelitschFelix Keil, Hellmut Samonigg, August Zabernigg, Franz Xaver Schmid, Günther Steger, Robert Steinacher, Johannes Andel, Björn Jagdt, Alois Lang, Michael Fridrik, Reinhold Függer, Friedrich Hofbauer, Ewald Woell, Dietmar Geissler, Alfred Lenauer, Manfred Prager, Geert D'Haens, Gauthier Demolin, Joseph Kerger, Guido Deboever, Gilbert Ghillebert, Marc Polus, Eric Van Cutsem, Hassan Rezaie Kalantari, Thierry Delaunoit, Jean Charles Goeminne, Marc Peeters, Philippe Vergauwe, Ghislain Houbiers, Yves Humblet, Jos Janssens, Dirk Schrijvers, Erik Vanderstraeten, Jean Luc Van Laethem, Jan Vermorken, Daniel Van Daele, Michel Ferrante, Frederic Forget, Alain Hendlisz, Mette Yilmaz, Svend Erik Nielsen, Lene Vestermark, Jim Larsen, Mohamed Ayman Zawadi, Olivier Bouche, Laurent Mineur, Jaafar Bennouna-Louridi, Louis Marie Dourthe, Marc Ychou, Eveline Boucher, Julien Taieb, Denis Pezet, Francoise Desseigne, Michel Ducreux, Patrick Texereau, Laurent Miglianico, Philippe Rougier, Serge Fratte, Charles Briac Levache, Yacine Merrouche, Stephen Ellis, Christophe Locher, Jean Francois Ramee, Claire Garnier, Frederic Viret, Bruno Chauffert, Isabelle Cojean-Zelek, Pierre Michel, Cedric Lecaille, Jean Christian Borel, Jean Francois Seitz, Denis Smith, Catherine Lombard-Bohas, Thierry Andre, Jean Marc Gornet, Francine Fein, Marie Aude Coulon-Sfairi, Marie Christine Kaminsky, Jean Paul Lagasse, Dominique Luet, Pierre Luc Etienne, Mohamed Gasmi, Andre Vanoli, Suzanne Nguyen, Thomas Aparicio, Hervé Perrier, Noel Stremsdoerfer, Philippe Laplaige, Dominique Arsene, Dominique Auby, Laurent Bedenne, Romain Coriat, Bernard Denis, Patrick Geoffroy, Gilles Piot, Yves Becouarn, Gilbert Bordes, Gael Deplanque, Olivier Dupuis, Frederic Fruge, Rosine Guimbaud, Thierry Lecomte, Gérard Lledo, Iradej Sobhani, Amani Asnacios, Ahmed Azzedine, Christophe Desauw, Marie Pierre Galais, Dany Gargot, You Heng Lam, Abakar Abakar-Mahamat, Jean Francois Berdah, Sylviane Catteau, Marie Christine Clavero-Fabri, Jean Francois Codoul, Jean Louis Legoux, Denis Goldfain, Pierre Guichard, Denis Pere Verge, Jocelyne Provencal, Bruno Vedrenne, Catherine Brezault-Bonnet, Denis Cleau, Jean Paul Desir, David Fallik, Bruno Garcia, Marie Hélène Gaspard, Dominique Genet, Johannes Hartwig, Yves Krummel, Tamara Matysiak Budnik, Vanessa Palascak-Juif, Harizo Randrianarivelo, Yves Rinaldi, Albert Aleba, Ariane Darut-Jouve, Aimery de Gramont, Herve Hamon, Frederic Wendehenne, Axel Matzdorff, Michael Konrad Stahl, Wolfgang Schepp, Martin Burk, Lothar Mueller, Gunnar Folprecht, Michael Geissler, Luisa Mantovani-Loeffler, Thomas Hoehler, Walter Asperger, Hendrik Kroening, Ludwig Fischer von Weikersthal, Stefan Fuxius, Matthias Groschek, Johannes Meiler, Tanja Trarbach, Jacqueline Rauh, Nicolas Ziegenhagen, Albrecht Kretzschmar, Ullrich Graeven, Arnd Nusch, Goetz von Wichert, Ralf Dieter Hofheinz, Gerhard Kleber, Karl Heinz Schmidt, Ursula Vehling-Kaiser, Claudia Baum, Jochen Schuette, Georg Martin Haag, Wilhelm Holtkamp, Jochen Potenberg, Tobias Reiber, Georg Schliesser, Hans-Joachim Schmoll, Wolfgang Schneider-Kappus, Wolfgang Abenhardt, Claudio Denzlinger, Jan Henning, Bartscht Marxsen, Hans Guenter Derigs, Helmut Lambertz, Ingulf Becker-Boost, Karel Caca, Christian Constantin, Thomas Decker, Henning Eschenburg, Sigrun Gabius, Holger Hebart, Albrecht Hoffmeister, Heinz August Horst, Stephan Kremers, Malte Leithaeuser, Sebastian Mueller, Siegfried Wagner, Severin Daum, Frank Schlegel, Martina Stauch, Volker Heinemann, Evaristo Maiello, Luciano Latini, Alberto Zaniboni, Dino Amadori, Giuseppe Aprile, Sandro Barni, Rodolfo Mattioli, Andrea Martoni, Rodolfo Passalacqua, Mario Nicolini, Enzo Pasquini, Carla Rabbi, Enrico Aitini, Alberto Ravaioli A., Carlo Barone, Guido Biasco, Stefano Tamberi, Angelo Gambi, Claudio Verusio, Marina Marzola, Giorgio Lelli, Corrado Boni, Stefano Cascinu, Paolo Bidoli, Massimo Vaghi, Giorgio Cruciani, Francesco Costanzo, Alberto Sobrero, Enrico Mini, Roberto Petrioli, Massimo Aglietta, Oscar Alabiso, Federico Capuzzo, Alfredo Falcone, Domenico Cristi Corsi, Roberto Labianca, Stefania Salvagni, Silvana Chiara, Libero Ciuffreda, Francesco Ferraù, Francesco Giuliani, Sara Lonardi, Nicola Gebbia, Giovanni Mantovani, Evaristo Sanches, Juan Carlos Mellidez, Pedro Gonzáles Santos, Joao Freire, Cristina Sarmento, Jose Luis Costa, Antonio Moreira Pinto, Sergio Barroso, Jorge Espirito Santo, Fátima Guedes, Amélia Monteiro, Anabela Sa, Irene Furtado, Ramon Salazar, Enrique Aranda Aguilar, Fernando Rivera Herrero, Josep Tabernero, Javier Sastre Valera, Manuel Valladares Ayerbes, Jaime Feliu Batlle, Silvia Gil, Albert Abad Esteve, Carlos Garcia-Giron, Guillermo Lopez Vivanco, Antonia Salud Salvia, Vicente Alonso Orduña, Ruth Vera Garcia, Javier González-Gallego, Bartomeu Massuti Sureda, Jordi Remon, Maria Jose Safont Aguilera, Luis Cirera Nogueras, Bernado Queralt Merino, Cristina Gravalos Castro, Purificacion Martinez de Prado, Carlos Pijaume Pericay, Manuel Constenla Figueiras, Inmaculada Guasch Jordan, Maria Jose Gome Reina, Amelia Lopez Ladron Garcia, Antonio Arrivi Garcia-Ramos, Andres Cervantes, Carlos Fernandez Martos, Eugenio Marcuello Gaspar, Ines Cabezas Montero, Pilar Escudero Emperador, Ana Leon Carbonero, Manuel Gallen Castillo, Teresa Garcia Garcia, Jose Garcia Sicilia Lopez, Encarnacion Gonzalez Flores, Monica Guillot Morales, Marta Llanos Muñoz, Ana López Martín, Joan Maurel, Juan Carlos Camara, Rosario Dueñas Garcia, Mercedes Salgado, Isabel Hernandez Busquier, Teresa Checa Ruiz, Adelaida Lacasta Muñoa, Miquel Nogue Aliguer, Amalia Velasco Ortiz de Taranco, Miguel Mendez Ureña, Ferran Losa Gaspa, Jose Juan Ponce, Carlos Bosch Roig, Pedro Valero Jimenez, Antonio Galan Brotons, Santiago Albiol Rodriguez, Jose Ales Martinez, Liliana Canosa Ruiz, Margarita Centelles Ruiz, John Bridgewater, Rob Glynne-Jones, Saad Tahir, Tamas Hickish, Jim Cassidy, Leslie Samuel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background The prognostic value of lymphocyte infiltration (LI) of colorectal carcinoma (CC) has been demonstrated by several groups. However, no validated test is currently available for clinical practice. We previously described an automated and reproducible method for testing LI and aimed to validate it for clinical use. Patients and methods According to National Institutes of Health criteria, we designed a prospective validation of this biomarker in patients included in the PETACC8 phase III study. Primary objective was to compare percentage of patients alive and without recurrence at 2 years in patients with high versus low LI (#NCT02364024). Associations of LI with patient recurrence and survival were analysed, and multivariable models were adjusted for treatment and relevant factors. Automated testing of LI was performed on virtual slides without access to clinical data. Results Among the 1220 CC patients enrolled, LI was high, low and not evaluable in 241 (19.8%), 790 (64.8%) and 189 (15.5%), respectively. Primary objective was met with a 2-year recurrence rate of 14.4% versus 21.1% in patients with high and low LI, respectively (p = 0.02). Patients with high LI also had better disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Tumour stage, grade, RAS status and BRAF status were with LI the only prognostic markers in multivariable analysis for OS. Subgroup analyses revealed that high LI had better DFS and OS in mismatch repair (MMR) proficient patients, and in patients without RAS mutation, but not in MMR deficient and RAS mutated patients. Conclusion Although this is the first validation with high level of evidence (IIB) of the prognostic value of a LI test in colon cancers, it still needs to be confirmed in independent series of colon cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-24
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume82
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Colorectal carcinoma
  • Immune response
  • Prospective cohort study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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