Prospects of brain-machine interfaces for space system control

Carlo Menon, Cristina de Negueruela, José del R Millán, Oliver Tonet, Federico Carpi, Michael Broschart, Pierre Ferrez, Anna Buttfield, Franca Tecchio, Francisco Sepulveda, Luca Citi, Cecilia Laschi, Mario Tombini, Paolo Dario, Paolo Maria Rossini, Danilo De Rossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The dream of controlling and guiding computer-based systems using human brain signals has slowly but steadily become a reality. The available technology allows real-time implementation of systems that measure neuronal activity, convert their signals, and translate their output for the purpose of controlling mechanical and electronic systems. This paper describes the state of the art of non-invasive brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) and critically investigates both the current technological limits and the future potential that BMIs have for space applications. We present an assessment of the advantages that BMIs can provide and justify the preferred candidate concepts for space applications together with a vision of future directions for their implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-456
Number of pages9
JournalActa Astronautica
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009


  • Astronaut
  • Brain
  • Control
  • Electroencephalography
  • Interface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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