Selective pharmacological blockade of thromboxane-synthase in human platelets by dazoxiben resulted in the reorientation of cyclic-endoperoxides towards PGE2, PGD2 and PGF2α. At concentrations which can be reached when thromboxane-synthase is inhibited, PGE2 (100-500 nM) exerted a marked, concentration-dependent pro-aggregatory effect. This required the formation of endogenous or the addition of exogenous endoperoxides and was prevented by PGD; or 13-aza-prostanoic acid, a selective antagonist of PGH2/TxA2 receptors. The anti-aggregating effect of PGD2 was evident at concentrations lower than those obtained in dazoxiben-treated platelets. It is proposed that in the absence of TxA2 generation, a combination of endoperoxides and PGE2 may result in normal aggregation. The latter may be inhibited by PGD2. No interference of PGF2α on platelet function could be shown.