Protective effect of Hypericum perforatum in zymosan-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome: Relationship to its inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production and its peroxynitrite scavenging activity

Rosanna Di Paola, Emanuela Mazzon, Carmelo Muià, Concetta Crisafulli, Tiziana Genovese, Paolo Di Bella, Emanuela Esposito, Marta Menegazzi, Rosaria Meli, Hisanori Suzuki, Salvatore Cuzzocrea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hypericum perforatum is a medicinal plant species containing many polyphenolic compounds, namely flavonoids and phenolic acids. Since polyphenolic compounds have high antioxidant potential, we have investigated the effects of H. perforatum extract on the development of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome caused by zymosan (500 mg/kg, administered i.p. as a suspension in saline) in mice. Organ failure and systemic inflammation in rats was assessed 18 h after administration of zymosan and/or H. perforatum extract and monitored for 12 days (for loss of body weight and mortality). Treatment of mice with H. perforatum extract (30 mg/kg i.p., 1 and 6 h after zymosan) attenuated the peritoneal exudation and the migration of polymorphonuclear cells caused by zymosan, pulmonary, intestinal and pancreatic injury, and renal dysfunction as well as the increase in myeloperoxidase in the lung and intestine. Immunohistochemical analysis for inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), nitrotyrosine, and poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) revealed positive staining in lung and intestine tissues obtained from zymosan-injected mice. The degree of staining for nitrotyrosine, iNOS, and PAR was markedly reduced in tissue sections obtained from zymosan-treated mice, which received H. perforatum extract. In conclusion, this study provides evidence, for the first time, that H. perforatum extract attenuates the degree of zymosan-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome in mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-130
Number of pages13
JournalNitric Oxide - Biology and Chemistry
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Hypericum perforatum
  • Nitric oxide
  • Oxidative stress
  • Zymosan induced multiple organ failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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