The Ubiquitin-Proteasome System (UPS) and the Autophagy-Lysosome Pathways (ALP) are key mechanisms for cellular homeostasis sustenance and protein clearance. A wide number of Neurodegenerative Diseases (NDs) are tied with UPS impairment and have been also described as proteinopathies caused by aggregate-prone proteins, not efficiently removed by proteasome. Despite the large knowledge on proteasome biological role, molecular mechanisms associated with its impairment are still blur. We have pursued a comprehensive proteomic investigation to evaluate the phenotypic rearrangements in protein repertoires associated with a UPS blockage. Different functional proteomic approaches have been employed to tackle UPS impairment impact on human NeuroBlastoma (NB) cell lines responsive to proteasome inhibition by Epoxomicin. 2-Dimensional Electrophoresis (2-DE) separation combined with Mass Spectrometry and Shotgun Proteomics experiments have been employed to design a thorough picture of protein profile. Unsupervised meta-analysis of the collected proteomic data revealed that all the identified proteins relate each other in a functional network centered on beta-estradiol. Moreover we showed that treatment of cells with beta-estradiol resulted in aggregate removal and increased cell survival due to activation of the autophagic pathway. Our data may provide the molecular basis for the use of beta-estradiol in neurodegenerative disorders by induction of protein aggregate removal.
- 2-Dimensional Electrophoresis separation
- Neurodegenerative Diseases
- Shotgun Proteomics
- Ubiquitin-Proteasome System impairment
ASJC Scopus subject areas