In end-stage renal disease patients, extracorporeal dialytic therapy is not able to prevent the accumulation of toxins related to the uremic syndrome, a severe complication that increases morbidity and mortality rate. In this paper, hemoFiltration with on-line Reinfusion (HFR) architecture is used to evaluate the effect of a more permeable membrane on the extraction of medium–high molecular weight molecules. The aim of this study was to compare two polysulphone membranes for convective chamber: polyphenylene High Flux (pHF) and polyphenylene Super High-Flux (pSHF). Fourteen patients were subjected to HFR with pHF and pSHF membranes and ultra filtrate (UF) samples were collected to evaluate molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) and to identify extracted proteins. Furthermore, image analysis software was used in order to evaluate change in protein extraction during the dialysis. The quantification of four proteins by immunoassay demonstrates a higher permeability of pSHF membrane. Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) gels showed, for both membranes, the greater number of protein spots at 235 min. Some of the identified proteins, involved in nephropathic disease complications, were compared to assess differences in extraction during dialytic treatment by PDQuest analysis. UF proteomic analysis demonstrated a different behavior for the two membranes; pHF membrane was more permeable at the beginning of HFR treatment (15 min), while pSHF membrane at the end of treatment (235 min). Proteomic analysis is a suitable approach to investigate the behavior of different membranes during dialysis. Results indicated that pSHF membrane offers the higher permeability, and showed higher efficiency in removal of middle molecules related to uremic syndrome.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 28 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering