We used proteomics to identify systematic changes in the plasma proteins of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) by means of cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. It is known that, after CABG, a complex systemic inflammatory responses ensues that favors the occurrence of adverse postoperative complications frequently recognizing inflammation itself and/or thrombosis as the underlying mechanism. We found a marked and persistent postoperative increase in the levels of the serin-protease inhibitor α1-antichymotrypsin (α1-ACT) that fully maintains the inhibitory activity blunting its protease substrate cathepsin G. An intraoperative increase followed by a rapid decline in proteases activation was documented, accompanied by a substantial induction of leucine-rich-α- 2-glycoprotein, a protein involved in neutrophilic granulocyte differentiation. Finally, a time-dependent alteration in the expression of haptoglobin, transthyretin, clusterin, and apoE was observed. In conclusion, we showed that after CABG, a protease/antiprotease imbalance occurs with early cathepsin G activation and a more delayed increase in α1-ACT. As cathepsin G is a serpin involved both in inflammation and coagulation activation, this confirms and expands the concept of a marked dysregulation of both inflammatory and hemostatic balances occurring after CABG. The pharmacologic modulation of this imbalance may be a new therapeutic target to reduce postoperative complications.
- Coronary artery bypass grafting
- Protease inhibitor
ASJC Scopus subject areas