Proteomics boosts translational and clinical microbiology

F. Del Chierico, A. Petrucca, P. Vernocchi, G. Bracaglia, E. Fiscarelli, P. Bernaschi, M. Muraca, A. Urbani, L. Putignani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The application of proteomics to translational and clinical microbiology is one of the most advanced frontiers in the management and control of infectious diseases and in the understanding of complex microbial systems within human fluids and districts. This new approach aims at providing, by dedicated bioinformatic pipelines, a thorough description of pathogen proteomes and their interactions within the context of human host ecosystems, revolutionizing the vision of infectious diseases in biomedicine and approaching new viewpoints in both diagnostic and clinical management of the patient.Indeed, in the last few years, many laboratories have matured a series of advanced proteomic applications, aiming at providing individual proteome charts of pathogens, with respect to their morph and/or cell life stages, antimicrobial or antimycotic resistance profiling, epidemiological dispersion. Herein, we aim at reviewing the current state-of-the-art on proteomic protocols designed and set-up for translational and diagnostic microbiological purposes, from axenic pathogens' characterization to microbiota ecosystems' full description. The final goal is to describe applications of the most common MALDI-TOF MS platforms to advanced diagnostic issues related to emerging infections, increasing of fastidious bacteria, and generation of patient-tailored phylotypes. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Trends in Microbial Proteomics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-87
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Proteomics
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 31 2014

Keywords

  • Clinical microbiology
  • Emerging pathogens
  • MALDI-TOF MS
  • Translational proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics

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