Proteomics involves the identification of unknown proteins following their separation, often using two-dimensional electrophoresis, digestion of particular proteins of interest by trypsin, determination of the molecular weight of the resulting peptides, and database searching to make the identification of the proteins. Application of proteomics to Alzheimer's disease (AD), the major dementing disorder of the elderly, has just begun. Differences in protein expression and post-translational modification (mostly oxidative modification) of proteins from AD brain and peripheral tissue, as well as in brain from rodent models of AD, have yielded insights into potential molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration in this dementing disorder. This review surveys the proteomics studies relevant to AD, from which new understandings of the pathology, biochemistry, and physiology of AD are beginning to emerge.
- Alzheimer's disease
- Mechanisms of neurodegeneration
- Oxidative stress
- Oxidatively modified proteins
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience