Response of human HTB140 melanoma cells to proton irradiation in combination with fotemustine (FM) was investigated. Effects of these agents were analysed on cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis. Cells pretreated with 100- or 250-μM of FM were irradiated in the middle of the therapeutic 62-MeV proton spread-out Bragg peak, with a dose of 16 Gy. All treatments reduced proliferation and survival of melanoma cells. The most pronounced effects of the combined treatment were obtained for cell survivals. The level of apoptosis increased after all applied treatments. Particularly good pro-apoptotic effect was achieved when proton irradiation was combined with 250 μM of FM. This was followed by the increased expression of p53 gene. The obtained results have shown that combined application of FM and protons significantly reduced growth of this resistant melanoma cell line.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health