Proton pump inhibitors and risk of 1-year mortality and rehospitalization in older patients discharged from acute care hospitals

Marcello Maggio, Andrea Corsonello, Gian Paolo Ceda, Chiara Cattabiani, Fulvio Lauretani, Valeria Buttò, Luigi Ferrucci, Stefania Bandinelli, Angela Marie Abbatecola, Liana Spazzafumo, Fabrizia Lattanzio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Importance: The use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has rapidly increased during the past several years. However, concern remains about risks associated with their long-term use in older populations. Objective: To investigate the relationship between the use of PPIs and the risk of death or the combined end point of death or rehospitalization in older patients discharged from acute care hospitals. Design: We investigated the relationship between PPI use and study outcomes using time-dependent Cox proportional hazards regression in patients 65 years or older discharged from acute care medical wards from April 1 to June 30, 2007. Setting: Eleven acute care medical wards. Participants: Four hundred ninety-one patients (mean [SD] age, 80.0 [5.9] years). Main Outcome Measures: Mortality and the combined end point of death or rehospitalization. Results: The use of PPIs was independently associated with mortality (hazard ratio, 1.51 [95% CI, 1.03-2.77]) but not with the combined end point (1.49 [0.98-2.17]). An increased risk of mortality was observed among patients exposed to high-dose PPIs vs none (hazard ratio, 2.59 [95% CI, 1.22-7.16]). Conclusions and Relevance: In older patients discharged from acute care hospitals, the use of high-dose PPIs is associated with increased 1-year mortality. Randomized controlled studies including older frail patients are needed. In the meantime, physicians need to use caution and balance benefits and harms in longterm prescription of high-dose PPIs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-523
Number of pages6
JournalJAMA Internal Medicine
Volume173
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 8 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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